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5 Common Dental Problems and Their Treatment

Your oral or dental health plays a major role in your overall health. Anybody can maintain good oral health just by following some basic rules of dental care like: brushing your teeth twice a day, flossing your teeth every now and then and visiting a dentist twice a year. 

If you don’t take good care of your teeth you might end up getting some nasty dental problems.

 Here we are compiling a list of some common oral diseases, so that you can identify their signs and know what to expect during treatment if you are diagnosed with them. Hence, following is a list of 5 common dental problems and their treatments that a Dentist in Karachi might suggest:

  • Tooth Decay (Cavities)

It is a common disease that mostly occurs when plaque combines with sugary diets and produces acids. These acids then attack and feed on your tooth enamel. Tooth decay can lead to permanent tooth damage if not treated timely. 

Treatment:

You must consult a dentist immediately if you have cavities. Delaying the visit might lead to other diseases like gingivitis. A Dentist will assess your situation and suggest treatment accordingly. The treatment options suggested to treat cavities include:

  • Fluoride Treatment 
  • Fillings 
  • Root Canals
  • Crowns
  • Tooth Extraction

2. Gum Disease (Gingivitis)

It is a common disease that causes inflammation of the gums. Due to poor dental hygiene, plaque is accumulated in the teeth and leads to swollen gums, bleeding while brushing, bad breath, discomfort and pain as symptoms. If left untreated, gingivitis can turn into another infection known as periodontitis. 

Treatment:

With a change in routine and some treatments, it is possible to reverse gingivitis and prevent it from turning into a serious condition. Thus, following treatments are recommended for Gingivitis:

  • Scaling and root planing (to clean plaque, tartar, and other bacteria from your mouth
  • Dental restoration (if it is a cause of Gingivitis)
  • Maintaining healthy brushing habits and ongoing dental cleaning

3. Periodontitis

Periodontitis is an infection that happens due to plaque accumulation in your mouth for a long time. It can cause permanent damage to your teeth, and as a result they may become loose. You may experience pain and bleeding in your gums due to this disease. If not treated timely it can damage connective tissues, gum, and bone beneath your teeth. 

Treatment:

Depending on your situation, a dentist might continue with these treatments to treat periodontics:

  • Ask you to focus on your oral hygiene
  • Professional deep-cleanings (scaling or root planning)
  • When the cleanings do not work, a dentist might suggest antibiotics in the form of gel, oral tablets, mouthwash, etc.

4. Thrush

Thrush is a yeast(fungal) infection that can appear in your mouth due to the growth of a fungus known as Candida. This infection causes redness in your mouth and can be painful. 

Children or people who don’t have a strong immune system are more likely to get affected by thrush. It is a contagious disease and those who are at higher risk must prevent contact with a person who is diagnosed with thrush. 

Treatment:

To treat thrush these medications are used: 

  • Oral antifungal medications like Diflucan and Mycelex troche
  • Antibiotics like Amphotericin B are recommended for severe cases 
  • Antifungal mouthwash like nystatin

5. Oral Cancer

Oral cancer refers to cancer that begins from the tissues inside your mouth. It can affect lips, inner lining of the cheeks, floor of the mouth, and nearby areas. It comes under the same category as head and neck cancer and is often treated in the same way. 

Treatment

Depending on the type and stage of oral cancer, doctors might suggest:

  • Surgery to remove the tumor
  • Radiation therapy 
  • Chemotherapy
  • Targeted Therapy
  • Immunotherapy

It is better not to neglect your oral health and visit the Best Dentist in Islamabad  immediately if you experience any signs of oral cancer. In fact, even if you are perfectly healthy, visiting a dentist twice a year can save you from unexpected problems. 

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